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Pleasant Surprises: 236,000 Jobs Added; Jobless Rate Dips To 7.7 Percent

There were 236,000 jobs added to payrolls in February — many more than expected — and the jobless rate unexpectedly dropped by two-tenths of a point, to 7.7 percent, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported Friday.

The news came as a surprise to most economists. As we reported earlier, they had been expecting to hear that employers added about 160,000 jobs to payrolls and that the unemployment rate stayed near January's 7.9 percent.

We'll be adding more details from the report and reactions to it, so hit your "refresh" button to be sure you're seeing our latest updates.

Update at 9:35 a.m. ET. White House Says Recovery "Is Gaining Traction":

"While more work remains to be done, today's employment report provides evidence that the recovery that began in mid-2009 is gaining traction," the president's top economic adviser, Alan Krueger, writes on the White House blog. He adds that "the economy has now added private sector jobs every month for three straight years, and a total of 6.35 million jobs have been added over that period."

At 113.2 million, private sector employment in February was back to near where it was in October 2008 — but was still down more than 2 million jobs from its peak of 115.7 million in January 2008.

Update at 9:30 a.m. ET. Boehner Says Jobless Rate Is Still Above White House Projection:

House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, reacts to the news in a tweet:

"Positive news in today's jobs report but unemployment still far above what @WhiteHouse projected w/its 'stimulus'"

And a statement emailed to reporters:

"Any job creation is positive news, but the fact is unemployment in America is still way above the levels the Obama White House projected when the trillion-dollar stimulus spending bill was enacted, and the federal government's ongoing spending binge has resulted in a debt that exceeds the size of our entire economy. ..."

The White House typically posts its comments on its blog.

Update at 9:22 a.m. ET. Will Stocks Rise Further?

"On Wall Street, investors cheered the latest jobs figures," MarketWatch writes. "Stock futures pointed to a higher opening, while the dollar also extended gains." Major indices were already trading in record-high territory.

Update at 9:20 a.m. ET. Less Rosy Numbers:

According to BLS, the number of "discouraged workers" went up in February, to 885,000 from 804,000 the month before. Those are people who have given up looking for jobs because they don't think any are available. There were also 7.99 million people working "part time for economic reasons," up slightly from 7.98 million in January.

Update at 9:05 a.m. ET. Where Many Of The Jobs Were.

According to BLS:

-- "Professional and business services" firms employed 73,000 more people.

-- Construction companies added 48,000 jobs. (Paul Wiseman of The Associated Press says February was the "best month for construction since March 2007.")

-- Employment at health care providers and related industries grew by 39,000.

-- "Leisure and hospitality" businesses added 24,000 jobs.

-- Retailers expanded their payrolls by nearly 24,000 jobs.

-- Manufacturing employment grew by 14,000.

Update at 9 a.m. ET. Private Payrolls Rose By 246,000:

The shaving of government staffs continued in February, BLS says. There were 10,000 fewer workers on local, state and federal payrolls last month. But a 246,000-increase in payrolls at private employers produced the overall boost of 236,000.

Update at 8:55 a.m. ET. From Early Headlines:

-- "Job Growth Surges Ahead." (The Wall Street Journal)

-- "Payrolls Surge As U.S. Jobless Rate Falls To Five-Year Low." (Bloomberg News)

-- "Robust Hiring Pushes Unemployment Rate Down To 7.7%." (Financial Times)

Update at 8:50 a.m. ET. Good And Bad News In Revisions:

A month ago, BLS estimated there had been 157,000 jobs added to public and private payrolls in January. Now, it estimates there were 119,000 more jobs that month.

But, BLS has now twice revised up its estimate of job growth in December. It began by saying there had been 155,000 jobs added that month. Later, it revised the figure to show growth of 196,000 jobs. Friday, it raised the December figure futher — to 219,000.

Update at 8:40 a.m. ET. Rate Is Lowest Since Obama Took Office:

At 7.7 percent, the jobless rate is the lowest it's been since December 2008's 7.3 percent. The month President Obama took office, January 2009, the rate stood at 7.8 percent. In the years since, it peaked at 10 percent in October 2009. It has now been just below 8 percent for six straight months.

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Mark Memmott is NPR's supervising senior editor for Standards & Practices. In that role, he's a resource for NPR's journalists – helping them raise the right questions as they do their work and uphold the organization's standards.
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